Samuel Rayner was born in Buckinghamshire, England. After his family moved to London, Rayner trained as a draughtsman with John Britton. At the age of just fifteen, one of his works was accepted by the Royal Academy. While studying at the Royal Academy, he was influenced by his fellow student George Cattermole. In 1845 Rayner was elected an associate of the Society of Painters in Water Colours but was excluded from the society in 1851 after a financial scandal. Some of Raynerʼs work can be seen at the Derby Museum and Art Gallery.